Elderly women’s health care knowledge
The ovarian function is degraded, the reproductive organs begin to shrink, the functions of various organs of the body generally decline, and the whole body has undergone degenerative changes.
Estrogen secretion is reduced, and a small number of metabolic disorders lead to a slight reduction or excessive skin.
Reduced melanin synthesis causes whitening and replacement of hair.
Endocrine changes cause age spots on the face and arms, back of the hand, etc.
Malnutrition occurs due to reduced food intake and poor absorption, resulting in dehydration of the subcutaneous tissue, subcutaneous drying, tearing, relaxation and wrinkles.
Older women are prone to osteoporosis or osteomalacia due to increased catabolism and insufficient calcium supplementation.
On the psychological side, some elderly people are unable to adapt to the physiological degradation phenomenon, feel pessimistic and disappointed, there is a kind of “sunset is infinitely good, just near dusk” sigh, or suppressed by the fear of not long life.
In fact, aging is irresistible, but only by using a positive attitude to fight aging, strengthen diet and mental health and exercise, can overcome the aging process, enhance vitality, and maintain the vitality of youth.
(1) Cardiovascular system: There are data showing that the heart rate is gradually slower from 30 to 80 years old, and the output per minute of the heart is correspondingly reduced. After entering the elderly, the cardiac output is reduced by about 30%, and the amount of oxygen obtained by all the cells in the body.Also reduced.
Therefore, the elderly should not do large-volume activities, so as to avoid insufficient oxygen supply, especially coronary artery insufficiency leading to myocardial infarction and even myocardial infarction.
The increase in elasticity of vasoconstriction gradually decreases, and the hardening of the vessel wall gradually worsens, so the elderly are prone to hypertension.
(2) Digestive system: The elderly often have loose teeth and displacement, which affects the chewing function, making the food difficult to chew, affecting digestion and absorption, and in the long run, leading to lack of nutrition.
Because of the tooth defects, the elderly like to eat soft and chewy food.
These foods often destroy vitamins (vitamin foods) during overcooking.
The gastric acid secretion of the elderly is significantly reduced, and the reduction of gastric acid makes the decomposition of food incomplete, affecting the digestion and absorption of food.
In addition, the activities of other digestive enzymes in the digestive tract, such as pepsin, trypsin and pancreatic microenzymes, are also reduced to varying degrees.
Due to the above characteristics, the elderly should pay attention to the diet, chewing slowly, food temperature and hardness should be appropriate.
The intestinal peristalsis of the elderly is slowed down, the food residue in the large intestine can not be discharged in time, and constipation is easy to occur. Therefore, the elderly should drink more water properly. Eat more supplemented cellulose vegetables and fruits often participate in some convenient sports activities to enhance fatigue and creep.Reduce or prevent constipation.
(3) Urine system: The kidney is an important organ of the urinary system.
Its basic function is to generate urine and excrete metabolic waste in the body.
With the increase of age, the cell structure of the kidney tissue changes frequently, the weight of the kidney is also reduced, and the function is correspondingly reduced.
(4) Respiratory system: With the increase of age, the lung capacity of the elderly is gradually reduced, and the ability of the lung to resist the invasion of the virus and various harmful substances is greatly reduced.
In response to these changes, the elderly should do more moderate breathing exercises and have the purpose of exercising respiratory muscle strength.
Eat more carrots and other foods that replace carotene and vitamin A to enhance the resistance of the respiratory tract and reduce respiratory diseases.
(5) Skin: Free radicals generated during oxidation in living organisms can interact with some macromolecules in the body, such as phospholipids formed on phospholipids on biofilms to form a lipofuscin, blood of elderly women.The lipid peroxide increased with the year, and the activity of anti-free radical enzyme (SOD, GSH-PX) decreased, which reduced the ability of the body to scavenge free radicals.
Vitamin A and B vitamins, carotene, vitamin E, vitamin C and selenium can enhance the body’s anti-free radical effect, which is beneficial to delaying aging and anti-cancer.
In general, elderly women experience an increase in age, and the functions of various organs of the body gradually decline. It is an irresistible natural law and a physiological process of sadness.
However, modern medical science tells people that using a reasonable, balanced and healthy diet and developing good habits can delay this gradual process.